About Baoxing

  • About Baoxing County
About Baoxing County

Baoxing is located in the western margin of Sichuan Basin, northernmost Ya'an, and the transition zone between Sichuan Basin and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Baoxing used to be the site of Qingyi Qiang State during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, Qingyi County in the Western Han Dynasty, and Lingguan County in the Tang Dynasty. The headman system was set up in the Yuan Dynasty, which was inherited in the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the headman system of the Ming Dynasty was inherited and Muping Headman was set up. Baoxing was established as a county in 1929, naming after "treasures are located here" in the Doctrine of the Mean of the Book of Rites. It was liberated on May 15, 1950, belonged to Ya'an Prefecture in Xikang Province, and was merged into Sichuan in 1955. Baoxing County Town is 190km away from downtown Chengdu and 54km away from downtown Ya'an. The National Highway G351 passes through it. Baoxing is the throat of the Chengdu Plain to the Western Sichuan Plateau, an important ethnic corridor in Western China and an important ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It covers an area of 3,114km², governs 3 towns, 6 townships, 54 villages and 4 communities, with a total population of over 59,000.

Baoxing is the Hometown of Giant Panda. Baoxing is the place where the giant panda was scientifically discovered firstly in the world and the first model specimen of giant panda was produced. 75% of the county area is included in the core reserve of World Nature Heritage Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuary. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, Boxing provided 123 live pandas to the state, of which 17 were presented as national gifts to other states. With 181 wild pandas, it is the most important core area of World Nature Heritage Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuary. 92.8% of the area is planned to be covered by the Giant Panda National Park, and 82% of the area is classified as the core area.

Baoxing is an ecological homeland. 99.7% of its territory is covered by mountains; its forest coverage is up to 72.15%; and the quality of water and air meets the national grade I standard. With Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve and Jiajin Mountain National Forest Park, it is reputed as the "Shelter of Endangered Animals and Plants in the World" and the "Kingdom of Plants and Animals". It is a "global important ecological region" and has been included into the forbidden development zones and restricted development zones in the national planning for major functional zones, included in the sixth batch of pilot projects for national ecological civilization construction and the first batch of pilot projects for delimiting eco-redlines in Sichuan Province.

Baoxing is a red holy land. Jiajin Mountain in Baoxing was the first snow mountain crossed by the Red Army during the Long March. Jiajin Mountain is reputed together with Jinggang Mountain and Baota Mountain as "Three Red Mountains" and is the starting point of "Snow Mountains and Grasslands", one of Top 30 Red Tourism Routes in China. In 1935, the Red Army crossed Jiajin Mountain for three times in the Long March and lived and battled in Baoxing for 125 days, leaving rich sites of the Red Army and many heroic deeds and moving stories such as "Chairman Mao Gave away His Horse", "Chen Yun Left Sichuan", and "Nie Rongzhen Gave up His Horse". With rich connotations of red culture, Jiajin Mountain is one of Top 100 Classic Red Tourism Attractions in China.

Baoxing is an ethnic corridor. With a long history of ethnic culture, Baoxing is a necessary place of the ethnic migration corridor since the Han Dynasty. Over 3,000 years ago, Baoxing was the capital of famous Qingyi Qiang State. In 2009, it was approved by the Sichuan Provincial People's Government as a county enjoying minority treatment. There are 19 ethnic groups such as Han, Yi and Tibetan. Qiaoqi Tibetan Township is the nearest Tibetan Township to Chengdu, a gathering place of Jiarong Tibetan. Qiaoqi original ecological multi-voice folk songs are listed as national intangible cultural heritages. Qiaoqi Shangjiu Festival and Qiaoqi Guozuang are listed as intangible cultural heritages of Sichuan Province. Baoxing is a county enjoying minority treatment and one of the third batch of "Home of Chinese Folk Culture and Art" in Sichuan Province.

Baoxing is the home of white marble. The reserve of marbles represented by white marble exceeds 3 billion m3. The white marble here is reputed as "the first white under the heaven", with purity up to 98% and the degree of whiteness over 94°. More than 30 varieties have been found and utilized, of which 2 are representatives of national stone brands and 6 are representatives of good varieties of Sichuan stone.

In 2018, we insist the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to centralize the work in Baoxing, fully implement the major policies of the CPC Central Committee and the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Sichuan Provincial Committee and the CPC Ya'an Municipal Committee, and has identified the "1146" overall work thought according to the development strategy of "Central City and Many Supporting Points" of the CPC Sichuan Provincial Committee and the "1485" overall development thought of the CPC Ya'an Municipal Committee, namely, building a powerful ecological county and beautiful Baoxing, well realize the "four major events" of constructing the Giant Panda National Park, breaking through the traffic bottlenecks, upgrading ecological tourism and developing park economy based on the theme of "ecology priority and green development", and vigorously implement the "six major upgrading projects" of ecological environment, industrial development, infrastructure conditions, urban and rural construction, people's livelihood guarantee and reform and innovation. Baoxing has obtained such reputations as "National Organic Agriculture Demonstration Base", "National Organic Product Certification Demonstration County", and "National Health County Town". In terms of comprehensive economic evaluation, it ranks No. 9 among 33 mountain counties in Sichuan Province, and No. 74 among 183 districts/counties in Sichuan Province. Baoxing is awarded as an Advanced County of County Economy Development in Key Ecological Functional Area by the CPC Sichuan Provincial Committee and the Sichuan Provincial People's Government. In the evaluation on the satisfaction of the people in peace building construction, Baoxing ranks the fourth in Sichuan Province and the first in Ya'an and is awarded as an Advanced County of Peace Building. Baoxing ranks the second in Ya'an in the evaluation on social satisfaction on Party style and clean government building.